Przemysl (Poland) - Sambor (Ukraine)


The area of Polish-Ukrainian borderland has a peripheral characteristics. In terms of European administrative jargon, It covers two NUTS2 regions in Poland: LubelskieVoivodeship and Subcarpathian Voivodeship. On the Ukrainian side there  are three border regions: Volyn Oblast, Lviv Oblast and Zakarpattia Oblast.

Polish and Ukrainian border regions are among the least economically developed regions of the country (GDP per capita is about 70% of the national average). Polish border regions maintain their position (mainly through the development of large urban centers), but Ukrainian border regions lose their distance to other regions of the country despite the existence of a large urban center (Lviv). Economic structure of the area indicates low competitiveness of border regions, which is due to large share of inefficient economic sectors (agriculture, low-innovative industry). Moreover structural changes are taking place very slowly.

Border regions are not attractive location for investment (including foreign investments). Furthermore level of innovativeness and technological advancement of enterprises remains low among others because of low investment in research and development. Poorly developed technical infrastructure especially in transport (mainly in quality) is not favorable for economic growth;  its development rate should be also considered as an inadequate. A common feature of the border region is that of negative net migration.

The border between Poland and Ukraine has 535 km. In the northern and central parts it runs through plain lands along Bug river, but its southern section has a much more mountainous nature.There are twelve border crossings points - six road and six rail – and next four border crossings are planned or under development.Key crossing points (Korczowa - Krakowiec, Medyna - Szeginie) are located near Przemysl. By them passes majority of passenger and goods transport between Poland and Ukraine. In 2003-2007 passenger traffic at Polish-Ukrainian border grew dynamically but in recent years it has decreased due to Polish accession to the Schengen Area and the introduction visas for Ukrainians, as well as the crisis in Ukraine.

Both surveyed cities have peripheral character. While Przemysl is the second largest city in the region (66 thousand inhabitants) and has some regional importance, Sambor (36 thousand inhabitants) has eminently local influence, finding itself in the shadow of a much larger city of Lviv.

Research team:

 Prof. Grzegorz Gorzelak, Director of Euroreg and Professor of Economics at the University of Warsaw, has over 35 years of scientific experience in applied research on economic, social and territorial development, spatial planning and EU policy development in that field. He has been involved in numerous European research projects funded by FP 5, ESPON and INTERREG dealing with regional policy, Cohesion policy, regional structural change and territorial governance

Maciej Smetkowski, with a Ph.D. in earth sciences, is assistant professor at EUROREG, University of Warsaw since 2002. He has experience in a number of research projects on metropolisation, Instruments of regional policy, trans-border co-operation and evaluation of pre-accession aids and SF of the UE. He also has much experience in evaluation of public policies including empirical analyses within ESPON Programme (ESPON 3.4.2), 6th FP and other Polish evaluations studies.

Dr hab. Marek Kozak, senior research fellow at EUROREG is an expert in regional policy in Central and Eastern Europe as well as in general questions of local and regional development, the management of development, and the evaluation of national and EU policy.

Mgr Tymoteusz Wronka, research assistant at EUROREG, specializes in human geography as well as in crossborder cooperation.

Research area:

SF7 logo

Dr. James Scott
Project manager
Ph: (+358) 50366 0653
Project information
Project duration: 01.03.2011-28.02.2015
Lead partner: University of Eastern Finland
Total budget: 3 386 700 €
EU contribution: 2 644 090 €